A haplotype is a combination of alleles at multiple loci together together on the same chromosome, explains S iz? Prior research has suggested that the study of single polymorphisms may miss more complex haplotype effects, she added. In short, this haplotype seemed to exert a protective effect and was related to better outcomes, said S iz? These results provide further tentative evidence for the role of the IL-1 gene complex in AD as well as evidence that the nature of the associations may be direct, gender – specific, or involve haplotype effects http://synmcg.com http://synmcg.com . .
Polymorphisms of the interleukin-1 gene complex affect Alcohol DependenceCytokines are small proteins that serve as that act as molecular messengers between cells. Pro-inflammatory cytokines – which function in the immune system may be involved, depending on alcohol . A study of three polymorphisms of the interleukin-1 gene complex and one of the tumor necrosis factor – alpha Has found that IL-1 may directly contribute to AD among Spanish Caucasian males. – The results will be published in the December issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and are currently at Early View.
Smoking as the risk doubled in for a stroke .